Why do rabbits chew on everything?

If you’re a rabbit owner, you’ve probably asked yourself this question more than once: why do rabbits chew on everything? From furniture to shoes and everything in between, it seems like nothing is safe from your bunny’s teeth. This behavior can be perplexing and frustrating, especially when your favorite pieces of furniture become the target. But before you go reprimanding your furry friend, keep in mind that chewing is a natural behavior for rabbits—one that serves several crucial functions. In this article, we’ll explore why rabbits chew, how to divert this behavior, and what toys and chewables are safe for your bunny.

Understanding the Rabbit’s Chewing Behavior

To understand why a rabbit chews on everything, you must first understand the nature of their teeth. Rabbit teeth are unique in that they continuously grow. Chewing helps to wear down their teeth, preventing them from overgrowing. An overgrown tooth can lead to painful dental problems for your pet.

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In the wild, rabbits chew on a variety of things like bark, wood, and other plant materials. These acts not only provide them with food but also help to keep their teeth in check. However, in a domestic setting, the things available for rabbits to chew on are often our belongings, leading to the common phenomenon of rabbits chewing on furniture and other household items.

It’s not just about dental health though. Chewing also serves as a way for rabbits to explore their environment. Their sensitive mouths and noses are key ways they interact with the world.

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How to Redirect Your Rabbit’s Chewing Behavior

When it comes to redirecting your rabbit’s chewing behavior, the goal should be not to stop them from chewing entirely, but rather to provide them with safe and appropriate alternatives to chew on. Here is a step-by-step guide on how to do this.

First, ensure that your rabbit’s diet is rich in hay. Hay is not only a great source of nutrition for rabbits, but it also provides them with a rough material to chew on, which can help to wear down their teeth. Encourage your rabbit to chew on hay by placing it in various spots around their hutch or cage.

Second, provide your rabbit with plenty of safe chew toys. These can include wooden toys, cardboard tubes, and other items designed specifically for rabbits to chew on. Make sure to rotate these toys regularly to keep your rabbit interested.

Lastly, rabbit-proof your home. Cover wires and cables, keep valuable items out of reach, and consider using a pet gate to confine your rabbit to safe areas of your home. This step is crucial not only to protect your belongings but also to ensure your rabbit’s safety.

Safe Chewable Items for Your Rabbit

When it comes to safe chewable items for your rabbit, not all toys are created equal. Some toys might contain harmful chemicals or small parts that could pose a danger to your rabbit.

Wooden toys are a great option for rabbits, as they mimic the type of materials that rabbits would naturally chew on in the wild. However, make sure the wood is untreated—treated wood can contain harmful chemicals.

Cardboard is another safe material for rabbits to chew on. Cardboard boxes or tubes can provide your rabbit with hours of chewing fun. However, make sure to remove any staples, glue, or other potentially harmful materials from the cardboard before giving it to your rabbit.

Hay-based toys are also an excellent choice. These not only provide your rabbit with something to chew on but also supplement their diet.

Chew-proofing Your Furniture

It’s no secret that rabbits love to chew on furniture. This can be a serious problem, especially if you have expensive or valuable furniture. Here are some steps you can take to chew-proof your furniture.

Firstly, consider investing in some plastic guards or covers for the legs of your furniture. These can help to protect your furniture from your rabbit’s teeth.

Secondly, try using a pet-friendly deterrent spray. These sprays are designed to taste bitter, discouraging your rabbit from chewing on the sprayed area. It’s a safe and simple way to protect your furniture.

Lastly, ensure your rabbit has plenty of alternatives to chew on. As mentioned before, providing your rabbit with safe chew toys can help to divert their attention away from your furniture.

Remember, understanding and managing your rabbit’s chewing behavior requires patience and consistency. By taking the necessary steps and precautions, you can ensure that your home and your furniture remain safe from your bunny’s chewing habit, while still allowing them to satisfy their natural instinct to chew.

Using Positive Reinforcement to Teach Your Rabbit

Positive reinforcement refers to a method of teaching by rewarding desired behaviors and ignoring or redirecting unwanted ones. When it comes to your rabbit’s chewing behavior, positive reinforcement can be a powerful tool. The concept is simple: reward your rabbit when they chew on their toys or hay, and divert their attention when they start to chew on your furniture or other inappropriate items.

To put this in practice, offer your rabbit a treat or a pat on the head when you see them chewing on their toy or hay. Rewarding them immediately after the behavior will make them associate chewing on their toys or hay with positive experiences.

On the other hand, if you catch your rabbit chewing on your furniture, redirect their attention. Offer them their favorite toy or some hay. This will teach them what they should be chewing on instead. Never scold or punish your rabbit for chewing on inappropriate items. Scolding can scare your rabbit and may lead to other behavioral issues.

Furthermore, just like humans, each rabbit has its own personality and preferences. Pay attention to what your rabbit likes to chew on the most. For instance, some rabbits may prefer wooden toys, while others may find pine cones more enticing. Once you have a clear idea of what your rabbit likes, provide more of those items.

Positive reinforcement requires consistency and patience. With time, your rabbit will learn what is safe and appropriate to chew on.

Can Guinea Pigs Be a Good Influence on Rabbits Chewing Habits?

If you have other small animals like guinea pigs, you might wonder if they can influence your rabbit’s chewing habits. Interestingly, the presence of guinea pigs might actually be beneficial for your rabbit’s behavior.

Guinea pigs are known to be avid chewers. They chew to keep their teeth, which like rabbits, continually grow, in check. If a guinea pig and a rabbit are housed together, the rabbit might observe the guinea pig’s chewing habits and imitate them. This can work to your advantage if the guinea pig is chewing on appropriate items like hay or chew toys.

However, it’s important to remember that rabbits and guinea pigs have different dietary needs and behaviors. If you decide to keep them together, make sure each animal has access to their appropriate food and toys. Also, ensure that both animals have plenty of space to avoid territorial disputes.

While a guinea pig can potentially be a good influence on a rabbit’s chewing behavior, it’s still crucial to provide your rabbit with appropriate chew toys, maintain a rabbit-friendly environment, and employ positive reinforcement to encourage good chewing habits.


Understanding why your rabbit chews on everything is the first step to managing this behavior. Remember, chewing is a natural instinct for rabbits, essential for their dental health and their way of exploring the world. While it can be frustrating when your rabbit chews on your prized furniture or other household items, it’s essential to redirect this behavior rather than attempting to stop it.

Employing strategies such as providing your rabbit with a variety of safe chew toys, using positive reinforcement, rabbit-proofing your home, and even considering the influence of other pets like guinea pigs can all contribute to managing your rabbit’s chewing habit.

With patience, understanding, and consistency, you can ensure that your rabbit satisfies its natural instinct to chew without sacrificing your furniture or other belongings.