The benefits of animal-assisted therapy

In recent years, the therapeutic community has increasingly acknowledged the integral role that animals play in facilitating healing and wellness. The phenomenon of Animal-Assisted Therapy (AAT) is capturing the interest of therapists, patients, and researchers alike. This article will delve into the realm of AAT, examine the diverse benefits it affords people, and shed light on how it can be integrated into various therapeutic practices.

Understanding Animal-Assisted Therapy

Animal-Assisted Therapy is a type of therapy that involves animals as a form of treatment. The goal of AAT is to improve a patient’s social, emotional, or cognitive functioning. This form of intervention has been gaining traction and is now recognized as an effective complementary treatment for a wide range of physical and mental health conditions.

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Animals involved in AAT are not just limited to dogs, although dogs are the most common, but extend to a variety of species including cats, horses, rabbits, and even dolphins. These animals are carefully selected, trained, and regularly assessed to ensure they are suitable for therapeutic work.

Physical Health Benefits of AAT

Animal-assisted therapy has a profound impact on physical health. A study published on Google Scholar illustrates how the presence of a therapy dog can lower blood pressure in patients with cardiovascular issues. Similarly, people recovering from surgery or suffering from chronic pain report a noticeable reduction in pain levels after interacting with therapy animals.

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Moreover, AAT encourages physical activity. For instance, walking or playing with a therapy dog can serve as a gentle form of exercise for patients with mobility issues or those recovering from physical injuries. This interaction promotes muscle coordination and balance, while also providing a fun and engaging way to exercise.

Mental Health Benefits of AAT

In addition to physical health, AAT offers extensive mental health benefits. Pets, particularly dogs, have been found to alleviate symptoms of depression, anxiety, and PTSD. The presence of a pet provides comfort, reduces feelings of isolation and helps foster a sense of purpose.

Dogs are particularly effective in this role due to their high emotional intelligence and ability to sense human emotions. By offering unconditional love and companionship, therapy dogs help create a safe and nurturing environment conducive to healing.

Notably, a study highlighted on Google Scholar found that AAT can help children with Autism Spectrum Disorder improve their social skills. Children participating in the study showed improved communication and less aggressive behavior after interacting with therapy animals.

The Role of AAT in Elderly Care

AAT has shown to be especially beneficial in elderly care settings. Interaction with animals can bring joy and comfort to older adults, particularly those living with dementia or Alzheimer’s. Studies show that elderly patients who engage with therapy animals exhibit increased social interaction, improved mood, and decreased agitation.

In a study referenced in Google Scholar, nursing home residents who participated in AAT showed improvements in their overall quality of life. They displayed decreased feelings of loneliness and improved cognitive function. The presence of therapy animals also sparked fond memories, leading to increased communication and interaction among the residents.

Integrating AAT into Therapeutic Practices

As the benefits of AAT continue to emerge, more therapists are considering incorporating this intervention into their practices. But how exactly does one go about integrating animals into therapy sessions?

Firstly, it’s crucial to ensure that the animal being used is suitable for this role. The pet must be calm, patient, and well-trained, and should also enjoy the interaction. The safety and comfort of both the animal and the patient are paramount considerations.

Secondly, the therapist should be well-versed in handling animals and be able to facilitate a positive interaction between the patient and the pet. The therapist’s role is to harness the bond between the patient and the animal and guide this relationship to achieve therapeutic goals.

Lastly, it’s vital to remember that AAT isn’t suitable for everyone. Some patients may have allergies, phobias, or other conditions that may make interaction with animals unsuitable or even harmful. Therefore, it’s always essential to conduct a thorough assessment before incorporating AAT into any therapeutic plan.

Despite these challenges, the potential benefits of AAT are vast, offering an innovative and effective approach to enhance the therapeutic experience and facilitate healing.

The Future of Animal-Assisted Therapy

As the demand for holistic and integrative mental health interventions grows, so too does the interest in Animal-Assisted Therapy. While still considered a complementary approach by many, there’s no denying the significant body of research demonstrating the therapeutic benefits of animal interaction.

In one PubMed Google study, for instance, children with ADHD who participated in equine-assisted therapy showed improved attention and social functioning compared to the control group who had not received this intervention. The researchers suggested that the structure and responsibility of caring for a horse provided an ideal environment for these children to practice their focus and social skills.

In another long-term study published in Google Scholar, dog owners recovering from heart failure were found to have lower blood pressure and reduced stress levels compared to non-dog owners. The researchers concluded that the companionship and physical activity associated with owning a dog contributed to these health benefits.

We’re also starting to see AAT used in more innovative ways. For example, some hospitals have integrated therapy animals into their pediatric wards, offering children a comforting presence during stressful medical procedures. The positive feedback from both patients and medical staff suggests that this could be a trend worth watching.

So, where to from here? More rigorous, large-scale studies are needed to fully understand the potential of AAT and its applicability across various populations and conditions. We also need to consider how to effectively train and certify therapy animals, ensuring the safety and wellbeing of all involved.

As the momentum behind AAT continues to build, it seems likely that we will be seeing more animals in therapeutic settings in the future, offering comfort, companionship, and a unique approach to healing.


Animal-Assisted Therapy has carved out a unique space in the realm of therapeutic interventions. It harnesses the innate bond between humans and animals, channelling it into tangible physical and mental health benefits. It is a testament to the healing power of companionship and empathy, regardless of species.

The benefits of AAT are vast and still being explored. It has been shown to reduce blood pressure, promote physical activity, alleviate mental health symptoms, and even provide comfort to the elderly suffering from dementia. These benefits extend across age groups, making AAT a versatile and potent therapeutic tool.

As we continue to delve into the potential of AAT, we are continually reminded of the importance of maintaining the welfare of the therapy animals. These animals are not merely tools for treatment, but living beings who need care, respect, and consideration.

The journey of understanding and integrating AAT into mainstream therapeutic practices is still ongoing. However, the road ahead is full of promise. As more research emerges on the efficacy of AAT, its presence in therapy rooms around the world is expected to grow.

Animal-Assisted Therapy is not just about bringing animals into a therapeutic setting. It’s about acknowledging and utilizing the powerful bond between humans and animals – a bond that heals, comforts, and fosters holistic wellness. As this exciting field continues to evolve, we look forward to seeing how it will shape the future of therapy.